Central African Republic – Fragile Peace

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Outbreaks of violence are threatening to further destabilise the situation, as reports show that thousands of schools are closed by rebels.

On October 15th at least 11 people were killed and 10 more wounded at a camp for internally displaced persons (IDP) in Ngakobo, according to the United Nations (UN) Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA).

This recent attack came only a few days after the mainly Muslim Seleka rebels attacked civilians and peacekeepers in the town of Kaga Bandoro, leading to the deaths of 30 people and 57 more injured.

These recent incidents are of great concern and there are worries that it will spark a return to widespread atrocities. In February elections brought President Faustin Touadera to power, but the government still largely relies on the UN for support. Since the outbreak of violence in 2013, after the Seleka rebels ousted President Francois Bozize, one in ten of the population of 4.5m have been left displaced.

These recent incidents also come as France is planning to pull the majority of its remaining 350 troops from the country, reported Deutschewelle.

According to the UN MINUSCA mission chief, Parfait Onanga-Anyanga, “there is, today, no legitimate reason for any armed group to use weapons…the people have suffered enough and are tired of this war that has lasted too long.”

Reports also recently emerged of armed men who attacked a secondary school during teacher training, killing three teachers, a director of an educational centre and the vice-president of a parents association. UNICEF representative in CAR, Mohamed Malick Fall, said, “we are deeply shocked by these developments and saddened that teachers have been targeted,” reported Al-Jazeera.

Across the country around one in five primary schools are closed, leaving around a third of children in the country not in school. This is largely due to armed groups who are occupying schools and preventing access.

While in the capital Bangui some children have been able to return, in the surrounding area as many as 10,000 students were unable to start term. “Schools are not part of the conflict, they have no political affiliation,” said Donaig Le Du, chief of communications for UNICEF in CAR, reported Reuters.

Find out more in the Africa Research Bulletin:

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: Further Massacres
Political, Social & Cultural Series
Vol. 53, Issue. 9, Pp. 21146B–21146C

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: Disarmament and Reintegration Efforts
Political, Social & Cultural Series
Vol. 53, Issue. 8, Pp. 21108C–21109B

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: Fragmented Control
Political, Social & Cultural Series
Vol. 53, Issue. 7, Pp. 21074B–21075A

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